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Dendroseris litoralis

Cabbage tree

About the plant

Endemic to the Juan Fernández Islands, in the South Pacific, this precious island plant has large bright orange flowers.

  • Critically endangered

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of the world’s species. The ongoing mission is to evaluate every plant species in the world.

    IUCN Red List Status:

    Not yet evaluated
    Data deficient
    Least concern
    Near threatened
    Vulnerable
    Endangered
    Critically endangered
    Extinct in the wild
    Extinct
  • Animal food
    Plant is used as fodder to feed farm animals
  • Banked in the MSB
    Seeds from this plant have been banked in Kew’s Millennium Seed Bank, at Wakehurst in Sussex
  • Click on icon to reveal more

Facts

  • Bright orange flowers
  • Huge cabbage-like leaves
  • In the same family as sunflowers
  • Pollinated by hummingbirds

Greedy goats

Over 100 of Juan Fernández Island’s 156 plant species are endemic, meaning they don’t grow anywhere else on Earth in the wild.

Like many precious island plants, one of the cabbage tree’s greatest threats came from feral goats. The feral goats were introduced by European settlers. Populations of this once prolific species plummeted to just three mature trees by the 1980s. Since the goats have been removed the situation has improved.


About Juan Fernández Islands

The Juan Fernández Islands are a remote archipelago, a national park and a UNESCO world biosphere reserve in the southeast Pacific far off the coast of Chile.

They are made up of three main volcanic islands including Robinson Crusoe Island.

In 1704 the sailor Alexander Selkirk was marooned as a castaway on the island, where he lived in solitude for four years and four months. The book Robinson Crusoe was based on Selkirk’s story, so to reflect the literary lore associated with the island and attract tourists, the Chilean government renamed the place Robinson Crusoe Island in 1966.

  • Critically endangered

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of the world’s species. The ongoing mission is to evaluate every plant species in the world.

    IUCN Red List Status:

    Not yet evaluated
    Data deficient
    Least concern
    Near threatened
    Vulnerable
    Endangered
    Critically endangered
    Extinct in the wild
    Extinct
  • Animal food
    Plant is used as fodder to feed farm animals
  • Banked in the MSB
    Seeds from this plant have been banked in Kew’s Millennium Seed Bank, at Wakehurst in Sussex
  • Click on icon to reveal more