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Livistona carinensis

Bankoualé palm

About the plant

Livistona carinensis is native to Djibouti, northern Somalia and southern Yemen. It’s the only representative of its genus in Africa, the other 27 species are native to Asia and Australia.

  • Endangered

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of the world’s species. The ongoing mission is to evaluate every plant species in the world.

    IUCN Red List Status:

    Not yet evaluated
    Data deficient
    Least concern
    Near threatened
    Vulnerable
    Endangered
    Critically endangered
    Extinct in the wild
    Extinct
  • Material
    Plant provides materials for manufacturing either fibre or timber
  • Click on icon to reveal more

Facts

  • Large canopy palm
  • Grows up to 40m tall
  • Flowers are yellowish green
  • Leaves used for thatching and weaving
  • Stems used for building and pipes
  • Valued as a straight timber

Long lost friends

Livistona carinensis is geographically isolated from the remaining species of the genus. The nearest Livistona are about 4,000km away in northeast India. This raises interesting questions for palm biologists.

It’s likely that the distribution of Livistona was once much more widespread during the time of the northern boreotropical forests (about 5–24 million years ago). But due to geological and climate changes, L. carinensis became isolated in the African-Arabian region in a relict forest fragment.


Dwindling numbers

In Djibouti about 300 adult trees were counted in 2006. In Somalia it is now thought to be extinct in the wild. In Yemen there are about 2,000 trees in three villages.

Our specimen was grown from seed collected in Djibouti in 2007
  • Endangered

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of the world’s species. The ongoing mission is to evaluate every plant species in the world.

    IUCN Red List Status:

    Not yet evaluated
    Data deficient
    Least concern
    Near threatened
    Vulnerable
    Endangered
    Critically endangered
    Extinct in the wild
    Extinct
  • Material
    Plant provides materials for manufacturing either fibre or timber
  • Click on icon to reveal more