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Actinidia chinensis var. deliciosa

Kiwi fruit

About the plant

The kiwi fruit is actually native to China. It was first grown commercially in New Zealand, where it was cleverly marketed under the name kiwi fruit, in a nod to the fuzzy brown native bird.

  • Not yet evaluated

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of the world’s species. The ongoing mission is to evaluate every plant species in the world.

    IUCN Red List Status:

    Not yet evaluated
    Data deficient
    Least concern
    Near threatened
    Vulnerable
    Endangered
    Critically endangered
    Extinct in the wild
    Extinct
  • Good garden plant
    Plant can be grown outside in the UK
  • Human food
    Plant supplies food for humans
  • Click on icon to reveal more

Facts

  • Fruits are really berries
  • Rich in vitamins C, E and B
  • Creamy-white scented flowers
  • Specimens in the Berberis Dell

Mary Isabel Fraser

New Zealand headteacher, Mary Isabel Fraser, is credited with introducing Actinidia deliciosa from China to her homeland in 1904. She had been visiting her sister in the Hubei province and returned with seeds of what was then called Chinese gooseberry.

Back in Wanganui local nurseryman Alexander Allison planted the seeds and the vines first fruited in 1910. From this experiment the worldwide kiwi fruit industry developed.


Growing your own

These plants are moderately hardy in the UK. Choose the warmest spot in your garden and remember that to produce fruit you will need both male and female plants.

Italy is the world’s top producer of kiwi fruit, followed by New Zealand and Chile
  • Not yet evaluated

    The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species uses a set of criteria to evaluate the extinction risk of the world’s species. The ongoing mission is to evaluate every plant species in the world.

    IUCN Red List Status:

    Not yet evaluated
    Data deficient
    Least concern
    Near threatened
    Vulnerable
    Endangered
    Critically endangered
    Extinct in the wild
    Extinct
  • Good garden plant
    Plant can be grown outside in the UK
  • Human food
    Plant supplies food for humans
  • Click on icon to reveal more